The main force of the thrust ribbed vaults has been handed down the skilful builders of Gothic cathedrals outside of space and Church halls are not passed directly to the inner columns or thickened wall (as in Romanesque churches), and with the extension of the retaining arches (flying buttresses) were transferred to huge abutments — piers laid for this purpose from the outside of the side walls of the temple. These auxiliary, Alla Romana is massive and bulky parts of the structure of a Gothic Cathedral and made for the medieval builders possible to replace the thick pillars of the Romanesque churches of the thin columns and create such a light, rapidly rising up the composition of the internal space.
The relief of the supports does not mean, however, that in the Gothic “destroyed” stone material. On the contrary, the stone is extremely acute in Gothic architecture, both inside and outside. Just removed the excess stone in the interior, as in the fully elaborated marble statue depicting a muscular body. The removal of redundant material, leading to cut-out the profile Gothic pillars and ribs, bare their mechanical properties, such as stiffness, elasticity, lightness, and brings art to limit the severity of their functional role in the constructive framework of the building. Supports, ribs, etc. become in some huge Continue reading
Places that hide ancient mysteries, we can find almost any latitude, in the seas, oceans, mountains, caves and plains. On unsolved mysteries that hide these mysterious places, puzzle scientists, and tourists flock there to experience the rush of adrenaline and feel their magical power. Find out on Fullprice about 8 places on Earth, shrouded in mystery.
1. Giant moai statues on Easter island, located about 200 miles West of South America. Of mystery this place makes the fact that it is considerably distant from other civilizations. For many years the island fascinates and attracts not only numerous tourists, but also scientists from all over the world. And all because of the huge stone statues carved from the rocks of the extinct volcano rano Raraku. Nearly 1000 mysterious moai, they call these giant statues, in silence looking at the Pacific ocean. Locals believe that there is lies the supernatural power of the ancestors. Legend has it that these stone figures stand guard over the immaculate hearts of the natives that they are not evil crept into the world around them. It’s like light magic, white magic of the Slavs, which is good and which for centuries was used to protect from evil forces. Continue reading
In the second half of the twelfth century in Western Europe began to appear the architecture of the new, unusual style, radically different from the Romanesque. This style, called Gothic, was rooted in cultural values developed cities, and most are firmly rooted in it is in architecture.
At this time, the townspeople, who won the long struggle with the feudal lords, were carriers of economic and social progress. Into the arena came a new burgher’s worldview, in which man was regarded as the Creator of wealth and a Creator, and one of its main features was the pride of the city and the desire to bring him glory. The main cultural value in this period was the Cathedral, almost get rid of its defensive functions.
Stylistic changes in architecture were not only caused by the change of functions of buildings, but also significant progress in the development of construction techniques based on the precise design and exact calculation. Gothic cathedrals were to have specific design and style features, the main of which was the refinement of the columns, the complication types of the Basilica, the construction of arches, lightweight construction, large arched stained-glass Windows, as well as the close relationship of the exterior and interior. Continue reading