The knowledge of the Earth in primeval times. In ancient times (40-30 thousand years ago) even the primitive people had to understand the environment, to gather fruits, to fish, to hunt wild animals, to escape from the elemental forces of nature. Primitive hunters and gatherers were trying to expand their houses at the expense of more distant lands. So they learned the space.
Scenery the people portrayed in the form of notches on cave walls, bark of trees, bones of animals. So passed to future generations about hunting grounds and traps on the way to new places. These ancient drawings found in many parts of the world – Europe, Asia, Africa . Ancient Ukrainian also left behind a geographic context. Under archaeological excavations in the Cherkassy region of mammoth Tusk found with the records made by our ancestors have 13 thousand years ago. If you look closely you can see the hills, forest, river.
Carving symbolic signs environment support materials on the, man created schematic drawings area. They are considered ancient maps, true, very primitive. They appeared long before the appearance of writing. To distinguish the new rivers, lakes, mountains, forests have already known, people complained their names. The names were passed orally from generation Pokolenie. So people produced geographical experience. Continue reading
Tower of Torre de Belem, Belem tower, also known as the “tower of Bethlehem” – a fortified structure on the island of the Tagus river in the Lisbon area.
Built in 1515-1521 years of Francisco di Arudou in honor of Vasco da Gama sea route to India and served alternately a small defensive fortress, the gunpowder warehouse, prison and customs. The tower was supposed to be the starting point for all those Portuguese ships that went to sea expedition.
The four-storey building height of 35 meters is the example of the Manueline architectural style, typical of the Portuguese Renaissance, but almost lost today. The tower was a powerful fortification, which, if necessary, could protect the Jeronimos monastery, forming a tower of a single architectural complex. For the Manueline characterized by the abundance of various forms of pinnacles, graceful balconies, images of ropes, shells and chains. Continue reading
Underwater archaeology around 100 years. And during that time, researchers have made many surprising discoveries. So, in different parts of the globe at the bottom of water bodies repeatedly found mysterious structures similar to ancient Egyptian pyramids…
The existence of the pyramids on the bottom of the American Rock lake there is no doubt. But who was able to build 10 thousand years ago, when the lake bottom was still land? What a mysterious civilization existed in those days, when, according to scientists, only small primitive tribes were fighting for their survival in the vast North American continent.
One summer day at the lake Rock gathered a large crowd of residents of the American city of lake mills. Brought them here a curiosity: it can be true that will finally solved the mystery that is spoken by more than one decade. People looked at the colored pontoons, from which the water was out of divers. Passed some time, and they are out of stock of the air, came back to the surface. The longest was a young biologist W. Kennedy. But then came and he, holding some kind of stone. After removing the mask, he cried: “got it!”. What divers were looking for? About Rock lake, just 40 miles East of Madison (Wisconsin), has long been legendary. The first time it was talked about in the beginning of negotiate after the story of the hunters hunted ducks on lake. Continue reading