All the most wonderful ancient Egyptian monuments are concentrated on a fairly narrow band in the 15 – 20 km wide, in the fertile valley of the Nile. Those structures that have survived to our days, are directly related to various funerary cults that prevailed in this ancient state.
The main features of ancient Egyptian architecture
The main features of the architecture of Ancient Egypt include the following:
1. The monumentality. The dimensions of the pyramids of this country is simply astonishing. Monumentality is evident in the geometry of structures, simple and majestic, and in the laconism, and the complete absence of decor. Even relatively small monuments look very impressive due to the special technique – scaling. Inside the building there are any parts that mimic its structure. Thus, a small element that copies the structure as a whole, emphasizes its grandeur. Continue reading
Today Hampi is a Ghost town inhabited by mostly apes. On the past power of its ancient inhabitants left only ruins of the once magnificent capital of a trading Empire Vijayanagar, which flourished in the mid 14th century. Meanwhile, Hampi continues to be a center of Hindu religion, in particular, due to the current and still Virupaksha temple.
The official history States that the capital of Vijayanagara was founded because of the good location of the area: on one side the city is washed by the river, with three others – was surrounded by inaccessible hills. In the early 14th century the Empire has been waging a fierce war with the followers of Islam, and the construction of large and well-fortified city was a response to the expansion of the Muslims.
Meanwhile, recently in the scientific circles there is information that, most likely, the village of Hampi, capital of Vijayanagara, is much older than was commonly believed. The fact that the ruins of the capital of the Empire, rising on the foundations of more ancient structures. Many scholars argue that the mysterious and unknown to modern science destroyed the town – the remains of Kishkinda, a mythical state of monkeys. Continue reading
Complex Apadana was located in the ancient Persian city of Persepolis, in modern Iran. The term “upadana” is also used to denote the same structure constructions in Persian architecture. Apadana Persepolis was mostly built in the V century BC by Darius I and completed construction of king Xerxes I. the Image of both rulers remained at the East door of the complex.
The Palace complex of Persepolis was located on a high terrace carved into the rock, in the shape of an irregular rectangle, and was enclosed by a strong wall. Platform partly consisted of natural rock, part built from the side of the valley. Masonry of blocks of grey limestone, the usual building material for buildings of Persepolis, are connected by iron cramps, without mortar, and reaches a height of 8-18 m. the walls of unbaked brick from the outside were niches, three doorways were lined with massive stone blocks. The highest is the South doorway led to a large inner square. Continue reading