Complex Apadana
Complex Apadana was located in the ancient Persian city of Persepolis, in modern Iran. The term "upadana" is also used to denote the same structure constructions in Persian architecture. Apadana…

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Intake structures for capturing groundwater
The groundwater abstraction is a complex of waterworks, comprising a meter device for taking water from an aquifer, a pumping station to lift water, the conduits for collecting and transporting…

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cathedral

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Artistic image of Romanesque and Gothic cathedrals

The main force of the thrust ribbed vaults has been handed down the skilful builders of Gothic cathedrals outside of space and Church halls are not passed directly to the inner columns or thickened wall (as in Romanesque churches), and with the extension of the retaining arches (flying buttresses) were transferred to huge abutments — piers laid for this purpose from the outside of the side walls of the temple. These auxiliary, Alla Romana is massive and bulky parts of the structure of a Gothic Cathedral and made for the medieval builders possible to replace the thick pillars of the Romanesque churches of the thin columns and create such a light, rapidly rising up the composition of the internal space.

The relief of the supports does not mean, however, that in the Gothic “destroyed” stone material. On the contrary, the stone is extremely acute in Gothic architecture, both inside and outside. Just removed the excess stone in the interior, as in the fully elaborated marble statue depicting a muscular body. The removal of redundant material, leading to cut-out the profile Gothic pillars and ribs, bare their mechanical properties, such as stiffness, elasticity, lightness, and brings art to limit the severity of their functional role in the constructive framework of the building. Supports, ribs, etc. become in some huge Continue reading

Córdoba (Córdoba). Mezquita or Cathedral

If in Toledo I spent a little time to see anything, besides the Cathedral, in córdoba, whose historic center is considered world heritage list, I didn’t even try anywhere else than in the pearl of the city to go. All the time was devoted to Sevilla, where I was headed next.

However, because of problems with Parking on the North side I had to Park on the South, and to go from the car to the mosque on the Roman bridge. In my plans it was not included – but an interesting angle that could only not be missed. In the foreground in the shot is the gate of the bridge, on the left column of the Archangel Raphael.

Here, incidentally, quite clearly (as it seems deceptive), visible Christian add-ons.

Muslim volume rises only on 3 floors (which is easy to count on arches). Everything else added is a Christian. Remember these elliptical box – we will see more of them.

(actually, the nearest octagonal dome is also a Muslim building, and inside it will be clearly seen) Continue reading

The Gothic style in medieval art and culture

In the second half of the twelfth century in Western Europe began to appear the architecture of the new, unusual style, radically different from the Romanesque. This style, called Gothic, was rooted in cultural values developed cities, and most are firmly rooted in it is in architecture.

At this time, the townspeople, who won the long struggle with the feudal lords, were carriers of economic and social progress. Into the arena came a new burgher’s worldview, in which man was regarded as the Creator of wealth and a Creator, and one of its main features was the pride of the city and the desire to bring him glory. The main cultural value in this period was the Cathedral, almost get rid of its defensive functions.

Stylistic changes in architecture were not only caused by the change of functions of buildings, but also significant progress in the development of construction techniques based on the precise design and exact calculation. Gothic cathedrals were to have specific design and style features, the main of which was the refinement of the columns, the complication types of the Basilica, the construction of arches, lightweight construction, large arched stained-glass Windows, as well as the close relationship of the exterior and interior. Continue reading

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Engineering and architectural structures in Ancient Rome
Sober Roman mind was brilliantly reflected in the construction of roads, stone bridges and aqueducts. The Romans were truly great masters of the road case. To roads they encouraged trade…

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Temples-Gemini
These two churches have always called the twins. However, the twins are far from each other. One temple stands in St. Petersburg on the street of the Leningrad city Council,…

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