The main force of the thrust ribbed vaults has been handed down the skilful builders of Gothic cathedrals outside of space and Church halls are not passed directly to the inner columns or thickened wall (as in Romanesque churches), and with the extension of the retaining arches (flying buttresses) were transferred to huge abutments — piers laid for this purpose from the outside of the side walls of the temple. These auxiliary, Alla Romana is massive and bulky parts of the structure of a Gothic Cathedral and made for the medieval builders possible to replace the thick pillars of the Romanesque churches of the thin columns and create such a light, rapidly rising up the composition of the internal space.
The relief of the supports does not mean, however, that in the Gothic “destroyed” stone material. On the contrary, the stone is extremely acute in Gothic architecture, both inside and outside. Just removed the excess stone in the interior, as in the fully elaborated marble statue depicting a muscular body. The removal of redundant material, leading to cut-out the profile Gothic pillars and ribs, bare their mechanical properties, such as stiffness, elasticity, lightness, and brings art to limit the severity of their functional role in the constructive framework of the building. Supports, ribs, etc. become in some huge Continue reading
Places that hide ancient mysteries, we can find almost any latitude, in the seas, oceans, mountains, caves and plains. On unsolved mysteries that hide these mysterious places, puzzle scientists, and tourists flock there to experience the rush of adrenaline and feel their magical power. Find out on Fullprice about 8 places on Earth, shrouded in mystery.
1. Giant moai statues on Easter island, located about 200 miles West of South America. Of mystery this place makes the fact that it is considerably distant from other civilizations. For many years the island fascinates and attracts not only numerous tourists, but also scientists from all over the world. And all because of the huge stone statues carved from the rocks of the extinct volcano rano Raraku. Nearly 1000 mysterious moai, they call these giant statues, in silence looking at the Pacific ocean. Locals believe that there is lies the supernatural power of the ancestors. Legend has it that these stone figures stand guard over the immaculate hearts of the natives that they are not evil crept into the world around them. It’s like light magic, white magic of the Slavs, which is good and which for centuries was used to protect from evil forces. Continue reading
The knowledge of the Earth in primeval times. In ancient times (40-30 thousand years ago) even the primitive people had to understand the environment, to gather fruits, to fish, to hunt wild animals, to escape from the elemental forces of nature. Primitive hunters and gatherers were trying to expand their houses at the expense of more distant lands. So they learned the space.
Scenery the people portrayed in the form of notches on cave walls, bark of trees, bones of animals. So passed to future generations about hunting grounds and traps on the way to new places. These ancient drawings found in many parts of the world – Europe, Asia, Africa . Ancient Ukrainian also left behind a geographic context. Under archaeological excavations in the Cherkassy region of mammoth Tusk found with the records made by our ancestors have 13 thousand years ago. If you look closely you can see the hills, forest, river.
Carving symbolic signs environment support materials on the, man created schematic drawings area. They are considered ancient maps, true, very primitive. They appeared long before the appearance of writing. To distinguish the new rivers, lakes, mountains, forests have already known, people complained their names. The names were passed orally from generation Pokolenie. So people produced geographical experience. Continue reading