The first Polish city I visited was Warsaw, and Krakow became the second.
Krakow and Warsaw – how much they have in common. Two capitals – one former, the other current. Two of the Royal city, and in one and in another there is a Royal road, the castle, the old town and the Barbican. Both are situated on the Vistula. Unites them this? No, on the contrary! Residents of Krakow and Warsaw do not like each other. But that does not stop us to fall in love with Krakow and Warsaw with equal force!
Krakow is an ancient city, the first mention of him dates from the year 965.
My mom wanted to visit Krakow, so it was here we got out in may 2003 on an excursion with the whole family. (Later, Sasha and I visited here for the second time – this time in the autumn, in November 2005, and stayed here in transit on the way from Prague to Kiev.) Continue reading
All the most wonderful ancient Egyptian monuments are concentrated on a fairly narrow band in the 15 – 20 km wide, in the fertile valley of the Nile. Those structures that have survived to our days, are directly related to various funerary cults that prevailed in this ancient state.
The main features of ancient Egyptian architecture
The main features of the architecture of Ancient Egypt include the following:
1. The monumentality. The dimensions of the pyramids of this country is simply astonishing. Monumentality is evident in the geometry of structures, simple and majestic, and in the laconism, and the complete absence of decor. Even relatively small monuments look very impressive due to the special technique – scaling. Inside the building there are any parts that mimic its structure. Thus, a small element that copies the structure as a whole, emphasizes its grandeur. Continue reading
Gothic architecture can be determined by design technology – the Lancet arch defines the characteristics and artistic merits of the building: the use of Lancet arches, is more stable than a semicircular arch that transmits the thrust at certain points, reinforced with buttresses and flying buttresses. So exempt the piers used for additional lighting. they cut out Windows and put glass. A feeling of rush up, the internal volume rushes in height. The architects have tirelessly and successfully worked in these two areas that. as the discharge surface vertically, leading to new achievements. Occasional setbacks did not stop searching, do not put into question the principles of Gothic architecture. The style was, thus, derived from technology, and this determines the taste, creating new criteria of beauty.
Gothic art was not used in Italy than in France. The Church here is less high. They are darker because they do not transmit the thrust of the PA poles for the liberation of surfaces of walls. Rarely used the buttresses shown in the picture Villas de Ara Opkara (bottom). And in the 15th century Italians blamed pipeli utielana General view. They saw them as barbaric. Thus the Renaissance masters refused, and the exploits of the medieval masons: they returned to the semicircular arch, to static structures where the masonry carries the load only vertically, regardless of the severity, pristoptera mass. The revival did not seek showiness, excessive) increase in the volume, the relief of partition. the light – and it paid for it by the disappearance of stained glass. In this sense, the Renaissance was a real setback. Continue reading