Ancient architecture
On the territory of Dehistan remained a number of medieval castles, layout of which is a rectangle with rounded towers at the corners (settlement Grade-Kala, yilanli, R. Kala, etc.). By…

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The legendary city of legends: KRAKOW
The first Polish city I visited was Warsaw, and Krakow became the second. Krakow and Warsaw – how much they have in common. Two capitals – one former, the other…

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Artistic image of Romanesque and Gothic cathedrals

The main force of the thrust ribbed vaults has been handed down the skilful builders of Gothic cathedrals outside of space and Church halls are not passed directly to the inner columns or thickened wall (as in Romanesque churches), and with the extension of the retaining arches (flying buttresses) were transferred to huge abutments — piers laid for this purpose from the outside of the side walls of the temple. These auxiliary, Alla Romana is massive and bulky parts of the structure of a Gothic Cathedral and made for the medieval builders possible to replace the thick pillars of the Romanesque churches of the thin columns and create such a light, rapidly rising up the composition of the internal space.

The relief of the supports does not mean, however, that in the Gothic “destroyed” stone material. On the contrary, the stone is extremely acute in Gothic architecture, both inside and outside. Just removed the excess stone in the interior, as in the fully elaborated marble statue depicting a muscular body. The removal of redundant material, leading to cut-out the profile Gothic pillars and ribs, bare their mechanical properties, such as stiffness, elasticity, lightness, and brings art to limit the severity of their functional role in the constructive framework of the building. Supports, ribs, etc. become in some huge Continue reading

The legendary city of legends: KRAKOW

The first Polish city I visited was Warsaw, and Krakow became the second.

Krakow and Warsaw – how much they have in common. Two capitals – one former, the other current. Two of the Royal city, and in one and in another there is a Royal road, the castle, the old town and the Barbican. Both are situated on the Vistula. Unites them this? No, on the contrary! Residents of Krakow and Warsaw do not like each other. But that does not stop us to fall in love with Krakow and Warsaw with equal force!

Krakow is an ancient city, the first mention of him dates from the year 965.

My mom wanted to visit Krakow, so it was here we got out in may 2003 on an excursion with the whole family. (Later, Sasha and I visited here for the second time – this time in the autumn, in November 2005, and stayed here in transit on the way from Prague to Kiev.) Continue reading

Córdoba (Córdoba). Mezquita or Cathedral

If in Toledo I spent a little time to see anything, besides the Cathedral, in córdoba, whose historic center is considered world heritage list, I didn’t even try anywhere else than in the pearl of the city to go. All the time was devoted to Sevilla, where I was headed next.

However, because of problems with Parking on the North side I had to Park on the South, and to go from the car to the mosque on the Roman bridge. In my plans it was not included – but an interesting angle that could only not be missed. In the foreground in the shot is the gate of the bridge, on the left column of the Archangel Raphael.

Here, incidentally, quite clearly (as it seems deceptive), visible Christian add-ons.

Muslim volume rises only on 3 floors (which is easy to count on arches). Everything else added is a Christian. Remember these elliptical box – we will see more of them.

(actually, the nearest octagonal dome is also a Muslim building, and inside it will be clearly seen) Continue reading

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Ancient civilizations on the territory of Russia
Many scientific articles and books written about the various artifacts and ancient structures in the territories of different countries. Only the findings on the territory of Russia for some reason…

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Intake structures for capturing groundwater
The groundwater abstraction is a complex of waterworks, comprising a meter device for taking water from an aquifer, a pumping station to lift water, the conduits for collecting and transporting…

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