The first Polish city I visited was Warsaw, and Krakow became the second.
Krakow and Warsaw – how much they have in common. Two capitals – one former, the other current. Two of the Royal city, and in one and in another there is a Royal road, the castle, the old town and the Barbican. Both are situated on the Vistula. Unites them this? No, on the contrary! Residents of Krakow and Warsaw do not like each other. But that does not stop us to fall in love with Krakow and Warsaw with equal force!
Krakow is an ancient city, the first mention of him dates from the year 965.
My mom wanted to visit Krakow, so it was here we got out in may 2003 on an excursion with the whole family. (Later, Sasha and I visited here for the second time – this time in the autumn, in November 2005, and stayed here in transit on the way from Prague to Kiev.) Continue reading
In the second half of the twelfth century in Western Europe began to appear the architecture of the new, unusual style, radically different from the Romanesque. This style, called Gothic, was rooted in cultural values developed cities, and most are firmly rooted in it is in architecture.
At this time, the townspeople, who won the long struggle with the feudal lords, were carriers of economic and social progress. Into the arena came a new burgher’s worldview, in which man was regarded as the Creator of wealth and a Creator, and one of its main features was the pride of the city and the desire to bring him glory. The main cultural value in this period was the Cathedral, almost get rid of its defensive functions.
Stylistic changes in architecture were not only caused by the change of functions of buildings, but also significant progress in the development of construction techniques based on the precise design and exact calculation. Gothic cathedrals were to have specific design and style features, the main of which was the refinement of the columns, the complication types of the Basilica, the construction of arches, lightweight construction, large arched stained-glass Windows, as well as the close relationship of the exterior and interior. Continue reading
Tower of Torre de Belem, Belem tower, also known as the “tower of Bethlehem” – a fortified structure on the island of the Tagus river in the Lisbon area.
Built in 1515-1521 years of Francisco di Arudou in honor of Vasco da Gama sea route to India and served alternately a small defensive fortress, the gunpowder warehouse, prison and customs. The tower was supposed to be the starting point for all those Portuguese ships that went to sea expedition.
The four-storey building height of 35 meters is the example of the Manueline architectural style, typical of the Portuguese Renaissance, but almost lost today. The tower was a powerful fortification, which, if necessary, could protect the Jeronimos monastery, forming a tower of a single architectural complex. For the Manueline characterized by the abundance of various forms of pinnacles, graceful balconies, images of ropes, shells and chains. Continue reading