The legendary city of legends: KRAKOW
The first Polish city I visited was Warsaw, and Krakow became the second. Krakow and Warsaw – how much they have in common. Two capitals – one former, the other…

Continue reading →

The most mysterious places on Earth.
Places that hide ancient mysteries, we can find almost any latitude, in the seas, oceans, mountains, caves and plains. On unsolved mysteries that hide these mysterious places, puzzle scientists, and…

Continue reading →

project

Underwater pyramid lake Rock

Underwater archaeology around 100 years. And during that time, researchers have made many surprising discoveries. So, in different parts of the globe at the bottom of water bodies repeatedly found mysterious structures similar to ancient Egyptian pyramids…

The existence of the pyramids on the bottom of the American Rock lake there is no doubt. But who was able to build 10 thousand years ago, when the lake bottom was still land? What a mysterious civilization existed in those days, when, according to scientists, only small primitive tribes were fighting for their survival in the vast North American continent.

One summer day at the lake Rock gathered a large crowd of residents of the American city of lake mills. Brought them here a curiosity: it can be true that will finally solved the mystery that is spoken by more than one decade. People looked at the colored pontoons, from which the water was out of divers. Passed some time, and they are out of stock of the air, came back to the surface. The longest was a young biologist W. Kennedy. But then came and he, holding some kind of stone. After removing the mask, he cried: “got it!”. What divers were looking for? About Rock lake, just 40 miles East of Madison (Wisconsin), has long been legendary. The first time it was talked about in the beginning of negotiate after the story of the hunters hunted ducks on lake. Continue reading

The temple-monument Alexander Nevsky

The temple-monument Alexander Nevsky Cathedral the Patriarchal Cathedral of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, which is located in the capital of Bulgaria Sofia, at the square of Alexander Nevsky, and is one of the urban landmarks of the capital of Bulgaria.

Was erected a Church in honour of the Russian Emperor Alexander II, known as the Tsar Liberator (serfs), the army in 1878, which liberated Bulgaria from almost five centuries of Turkish slavery. St. Alexander Nevsky, the name given to the Cathedral, was a Russian Prince, a great soldier and a diplomat. He is the patron Saint of Russian Emperor Alexander II and a symbol of military glory of Russia. The original intention was to build a temple in the ancient capital Veliko Tarnovo, but the Bulgarian Prince Battenberg insisted to build it in Sofia. 19.02.1882 G. was laid the basic stone. However construction was begun in 1904 and completed in 1912, when Bulgaria entered a period of wars. The consecration of the temple took place in 1924, the author of the project — Russian architect Alexander Pomerantsev. The height of the main dome of the Cathedral — 45 metres, the bell tower is 53 m, the area of the Cathedral is 3170 sq. m. The bell is 12 bells with total weight of 23 tons. The chime heard in a radius of 15 km. Continue reading

The technical Foundation of the Gothic style

Gothic architecture can be determined by design technology – the Lancet arch defines the characteristics and artistic merits of the building: the use of Lancet arches, is more stable than a semicircular arch that transmits the thrust at certain points, reinforced with buttresses and flying buttresses. So exempt the piers used for additional lighting. they cut out Windows and put glass. A feeling of rush up, the internal volume rushes in height. The architects have tirelessly and successfully worked in these two areas that. as the discharge surface vertically, leading to new achievements. Occasional setbacks did not stop searching, do not put into question the principles of Gothic architecture. The style was, thus, derived from technology, and this determines the taste, creating new criteria of beauty.

Gothic art was not used in Italy than in France. The Church here is less high. They are darker because they do not transmit the thrust of the PA poles for the liberation of surfaces of walls. Rarely used the buttresses shown in the picture Villas de Ara Opkara (bottom). And in the 15th century Italians blamed pipeli utielana General view. They saw them as barbaric. Thus the Renaissance masters refused, and the exploits of the medieval masons: they returned to the semicircular arch, to static structures where the masonry carries the load only vertically, regardless of the severity, pristoptera mass. The revival did not seek showiness, excessive) increase in the volume, the relief of partition. the light – and it paid for it by the disappearance of stained glass. In this sense, the Renaissance was a real setback. Continue reading