The main force of the thrust ribbed vaults has been handed down the skilful builders of Gothic cathedrals outside of space and Church halls are not passed directly to the inner columns or thickened wall (as in Romanesque churches), and with the extension of the retaining arches (flying buttresses) were transferred to huge abutments — piers laid for this purpose from the outside of the side walls of the temple. These auxiliary, Alla Romana is massive and bulky parts of the structure of a Gothic Cathedral and made for the medieval builders possible to replace the thick pillars of the Romanesque churches of the thin columns and create such a light, rapidly rising up the composition of the internal space.
The relief of the supports does not mean, however, that in the Gothic “destroyed” stone material. On the contrary, the stone is extremely acute in Gothic architecture, both inside and outside. Just removed the excess stone in the interior, as in the fully elaborated marble statue depicting a muscular body. The removal of redundant material, leading to cut-out the profile Gothic pillars and ribs, bare their mechanical properties, such as stiffness, elasticity, lightness, and brings art to limit the severity of their functional role in the constructive framework of the building. Supports, ribs, etc. become in some huge Continue reading
If in Toledo I spent a little time to see anything, besides the Cathedral, in córdoba, whose historic center is considered world heritage list, I didn’t even try anywhere else than in the pearl of the city to go. All the time was devoted to Sevilla, where I was headed next.
However, because of problems with Parking on the North side I had to Park on the South, and to go from the car to the mosque on the Roman bridge. In my plans it was not included – but an interesting angle that could only not be missed. In the foreground in the shot is the gate of the bridge, on the left column of the Archangel Raphael.
Here, incidentally, quite clearly (as it seems deceptive), visible Christian add-ons.
Muslim volume rises only on 3 floors (which is easy to count on arches). Everything else added is a Christian. Remember these elliptical box – we will see more of them.
(actually, the nearest octagonal dome is also a Muslim building, and inside it will be clearly seen) Continue reading
The knowledge of the Earth in primeval times. In ancient times (40-30 thousand years ago) even the primitive people had to understand the environment, to gather fruits, to fish, to hunt wild animals, to escape from the elemental forces of nature. Primitive hunters and gatherers were trying to expand their houses at the expense of more distant lands. So they learned the space.
Scenery the people portrayed in the form of notches on cave walls, bark of trees, bones of animals. So passed to future generations about hunting grounds and traps on the way to new places. These ancient drawings found in many parts of the world – Europe, Asia, Africa . Ancient Ukrainian also left behind a geographic context. Under archaeological excavations in the Cherkassy region of mammoth Tusk found with the records made by our ancestors have 13 thousand years ago. If you look closely you can see the hills, forest, river.
Carving symbolic signs environment support materials on the, man created schematic drawings area. They are considered ancient maps, true, very primitive. They appeared long before the appearance of writing. To distinguish the new rivers, lakes, mountains, forests have already known, people complained their names. The names were passed orally from generation Pokolenie. So people produced geographical experience. Continue reading