Underwater archaeology around 100 years. And during that time, researchers have made many surprising discoveries. So, in different parts of the globe at the bottom of water bodies repeatedly found mysterious structures similar to ancient Egyptian pyramids…
The existence of the pyramids on the bottom of the American Rock lake there is no doubt. But who was able to build 10 thousand years ago, when the lake bottom was still land? What a mysterious civilization existed in those days, when, according to scientists, only small primitive tribes were fighting for their survival in the vast North American continent.
One summer day at the lake Rock gathered a large crowd of residents of the American city of lake mills. Brought them here a curiosity: it can be true that will finally solved the mystery that is spoken by more than one decade. People looked at the colored pontoons, from which the water was out of divers. Passed some time, and they are out of stock of the air, came back to the surface. The longest was a young biologist W. Kennedy. But then came and he, holding some kind of stone. After removing the mask, he cried: “got it!”. What divers were looking for? About Rock lake, just 40 miles East of Madison (Wisconsin), has long been legendary. The first time it was talked about in the beginning of negotiate after the story of the hunters hunted ducks on lake. Continue reading
Today Hampi is a Ghost town inhabited by mostly apes. On the past power of its ancient inhabitants left only ruins of the once magnificent capital of a trading Empire Vijayanagar, which flourished in the mid 14th century. Meanwhile, Hampi continues to be a center of Hindu religion, in particular, due to the current and still Virupaksha temple.
The official history States that the capital of Vijayanagara was founded because of the good location of the area: on one side the city is washed by the river, with three others – was surrounded by inaccessible hills. In the early 14th century the Empire has been waging a fierce war with the followers of Islam, and the construction of large and well-fortified city was a response to the expansion of the Muslims.
Meanwhile, recently in the scientific circles there is information that, most likely, the village of Hampi, capital of Vijayanagara, is much older than was commonly believed. The fact that the ruins of the capital of the Empire, rising on the foundations of more ancient structures. Many scholars argue that the mysterious and unknown to modern science destroyed the town – the remains of Kishkinda, a mythical state of monkeys. Continue reading
The main visual feature of Gothic architecture is the aspiration of building up. Gothic cathedrals give the impression of lightness, easiness at its dizzying height. How to achieve a similar effect? The main technique of the Gothic – arched vaults. In the Romanesque buildings of stone, the roof was semi-circular and rested on the wall. To sustain loads, walls must have been massive. In the Gothic project designed a kind of complex frame supported directly on the Foundation. Thus, the walls lose the load carrying, hence the ability to make them light, to satisfy various decorations. In the Gothic cathedrals set UPS with complex frames, huge stained glass Windows, galleries, passages, towers and sculptures. In appearance it is impossible to guess what the internal structure of the building. Each of the facades of the crowd. For example, the photos of Notre Dame Cathedral taken from different sides, you can not guess that this is one and the same building.
Every Cathedral was devoted to some main topic: Paris – Notre Dame, Chartres – the history of the French Royal family. Decoration of cathedrals – reliefs, sculptures, frescoes, stained glass is a genuine encyclopedia of the medieval world and medieval life. For example, Chartres Cathedral is decorated with 9 thousand sculptures. Continue reading