Tower of Torre de Belem, Belem tower, also known as the “tower of Bethlehem” – a fortified structure on the island of the Tagus river in the Lisbon area.
Built in 1515-1521 years of Francisco di Arudou in honor of Vasco da Gama sea route to India and served alternately a small defensive fortress, the gunpowder warehouse, prison and customs. The tower was supposed to be the starting point for all those Portuguese ships that went to sea expedition.
The four-storey building height of 35 meters is the example of the Manueline architectural style, typical of the Portuguese Renaissance, but almost lost today. The tower was a powerful fortification, which, if necessary, could protect the Jeronimos monastery, forming a tower of a single architectural complex. For the Manueline characterized by the abundance of various forms of pinnacles, graceful balconies, images of ropes, shells and chains. Continue reading
The temple-monument Alexander Nevsky Cathedral the Patriarchal Cathedral of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, which is located in the capital of Bulgaria Sofia, at the square of Alexander Nevsky, and is one of the urban landmarks of the capital of Bulgaria.
Was erected a Church in honour of the Russian Emperor Alexander II, known as the Tsar Liberator (serfs), the army in 1878, which liberated Bulgaria from almost five centuries of Turkish slavery. St. Alexander Nevsky, the name given to the Cathedral, was a Russian Prince, a great soldier and a diplomat. He is the patron Saint of Russian Emperor Alexander II and a symbol of military glory of Russia. The original intention was to build a temple in the ancient capital Veliko Tarnovo, but the Bulgarian Prince Battenberg insisted to build it in Sofia. 19.02.1882 G. was laid the basic stone. However construction was begun in 1904 and completed in 1912, when Bulgaria entered a period of wars. The consecration of the temple took place in 1924, the author of the project — Russian architect Alexander Pomerantsev. The height of the main dome of the Cathedral — 45 metres, the bell tower is 53 m, the area of the Cathedral is 3170 sq. m. The bell is 12 bells with total weight of 23 tons. The chime heard in a radius of 15 km. Continue reading
Complex Apadana was located in the ancient Persian city of Persepolis, in modern Iran. The term “upadana” is also used to denote the same structure constructions in Persian architecture. Apadana Persepolis was mostly built in the V century BC by Darius I and completed construction of king Xerxes I. the Image of both rulers remained at the East door of the complex.
The Palace complex of Persepolis was located on a high terrace carved into the rock, in the shape of an irregular rectangle, and was enclosed by a strong wall. Platform partly consisted of natural rock, part built from the side of the valley. Masonry of blocks of grey limestone, the usual building material for buildings of Persepolis, are connected by iron cramps, without mortar, and reaches a height of 8-18 m. the walls of unbaked brick from the outside were niches, three doorways were lined with massive stone blocks. The highest is the South doorway led to a large inner square. Continue reading