The facade in Gothic stilnovo “Gothic” comes from the Italian gotico — unusual and barbaric — (Goten — barbarians; to the historical Goths, this style has nothing to do), and was initially used as a profanity. For the first time the notion in the modern sense used by Giorgio Vasari in order to separate the Renaissance from the middle ages. Gothic completed the development of European medieval art, which arose on the basis of the achievements of Roman culture and the Renaissance (Renaissance) art of the middle ages was considered “barbaric”. Gothic art was a cult on purpose and religious topics. It appealed to higher forces of the divine, of eternity, of the Christian worldview.
The Gothic style mainly manifested in the architecture of temples, cathedrals, churches, monasteries. Developed on the basis of the Romanesque, or rather Burgundian architecture. Unlike the Romanesque style with its round arches, massive walls and small Windows, typical of Gothic arches with a pointed top, a narrow and high towers and columns, the richly decorated facade with carved details (winery, tympanum, archivolt) and multicolor stained glass Lancet Windows. All the style elements that emphasize the vertical. Continue reading
Gothic architecture of Northern France was cultivated in Central Europe. However, she had to adopt their positions there, as it was perceived almost as a truly local style. It is therefore not surprising that the birthplace of Gothic architecture was long considered Germany. In the 19th century history of art has dispelled this delusion, however, in Germany the Gothic for some time continued to be considered a natural incarnation of the German national spirit.
German Gothic architecture, which for various reasons has often been the victim of erroneous interpretations, full of mysteries and specific details. Therefore, we will consider some typical problems, without, however, in a particularly subtle nuances. The merit of Gothic architecture in General is not so much creating a new type of Cathedral, but in the development of a new repertoire of forms that have stimulated the development of the fine arts in General, enriched the language of architecture and give it new depth. As for the Gothic architecture cathedrals of Northern France (which, of course, should not be considered the only form of goth), technical and expressive aspects of the architecture here has progressed with each new build. In the course of construction of any subsequent Gothic buildings effectively and eloquently solved the tasks before vypolneniya too successful (for example, the construction of the tower). Continue reading
These two churches have always called the twins. However, the twins are far from each other. One temple stands in St. Petersburg on the street of the Leningrad city Council, and is called “Chesme Church” (officially called the Church of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist). He is older — built in the years 1774-1780 by architect Y. M. Felten.
And across the street, across the river wide. is sad Chesme Palace. He was once very beautiful, in the same neo-Gothic style, and when we were there, we sadly made sure that its beauty remains only some traces… But it was built in honor of the loud sea victory at Cesme… But who now remembers about her.
However, it can be seen, the fate of the two churches-the twins: the former estate of the second temple is even worse.
And is the second temple in the wilderness of Tver region, in the village of Krasnoe near Staritsa. This is the Church of the Transfiguration of our Savior on the same project, built in 1790 in the manor Poltorackij. Continue reading