The main force of the thrust ribbed vaults has been handed down the skilful builders of Gothic cathedrals outside of space and Church halls are not passed directly to the inner columns or thickened wall (as in Romanesque churches), and with the extension of the retaining arches (flying buttresses) were transferred to huge abutments — piers laid for this purpose from the outside of the side walls of the temple. These auxiliary, Alla Romana is massive and bulky parts of the structure of a Gothic Cathedral and made for the medieval builders possible to replace the thick pillars of the Romanesque churches of the thin columns and create such a light, rapidly rising up the composition of the internal space.
The relief of the supports does not mean, however, that in the Gothic “destroyed” stone material. On the contrary, the stone is extremely acute in Gothic architecture, both inside and outside. Just removed the excess stone in the interior, as in the fully elaborated marble statue depicting a muscular body. The removal of redundant material, leading to cut-out the profile Gothic pillars and ribs, bare their mechanical properties, such as stiffness, elasticity, lightness, and brings art to limit the severity of their functional role in the constructive framework of the building. Supports, ribs, etc. become in some huge Continue reading
The first Polish city I visited was Warsaw, and Krakow became the second.
Krakow and Warsaw – how much they have in common. Two capitals – one former, the other current. Two of the Royal city, and in one and in another there is a Royal road, the castle, the old town and the Barbican. Both are situated on the Vistula. Unites them this? No, on the contrary! Residents of Krakow and Warsaw do not like each other. But that does not stop us to fall in love with Krakow and Warsaw with equal force!
Krakow is an ancient city, the first mention of him dates from the year 965.
My mom wanted to visit Krakow, so it was here we got out in may 2003 on an excursion with the whole family. (Later, Sasha and I visited here for the second time – this time in the autumn, in November 2005, and stayed here in transit on the way from Prague to Kiev.) Continue reading
Tower of Torre de Belem, Belem tower, also known as the “tower of Bethlehem” – a fortified structure on the island of the Tagus river in the Lisbon area.
Built in 1515-1521 years of Francisco di Arudou in honor of Vasco da Gama sea route to India and served alternately a small defensive fortress, the gunpowder warehouse, prison and customs. The tower was supposed to be the starting point for all those Portuguese ships that went to sea expedition.
The four-storey building height of 35 meters is the example of the Manueline architectural style, typical of the Portuguese Renaissance, but almost lost today. The tower was a powerful fortification, which, if necessary, could protect the Jeronimos monastery, forming a tower of a single architectural complex. For the Manueline characterized by the abundance of various forms of pinnacles, graceful balconies, images of ropes, shells and chains. Continue reading