Who built the pyramids of Ancient Egypt
The answer to the question who built the pyramids of Ancient Egypt, start with a small historical reference. The existence of the civilization of Ancient Egypt belong to the III Millennium BC In 332, BC Ancient Egypt was conquered by the army of Alexander the great. The construction of the great pyramids at Giza Egyptologists have dated 2575 – 2465 BCE – the reign of the fourth dynasty pharaohs. Only in Egypt was found about 80 pyramids. 3 pyramids in Giza, set on a rocky plateau on the West Bank of the Nile River near Giza in Northern Egypt are one of the 7 wonders of the world. Question how the three pyramids were built, still remains open.
The climate on the territory of Ancient Egypt became dry 4 thousand years BC 8-12 thousand years. back in North Africa were heavy rains.*
I recently watched the films from the series “Mysteries of Ancient Egypt”** on the visit to Egypt of a group of enthusiastic explorers of the past. Just want to say that Egypt was not, but watched the movies called trust and, of course, a lot of questions. Below I have listed the main points that interest me, to the attention of the filmmakers.
The film focuses on the fact that historians Egyptologists date the pyramids of Ancient Egypt in accordance with inscriptions and drawings on these facilities. Drawings and inscriptions were executed on plaster. Plaster is often applied on the surface on which the traces of destruction by time. And when you consider that those surfaces have been paved with granite and basalt slabs, a natural question arises, how many thousands of years had to stand structures from high-strength material that they cracked.
Most of the extant structures of ancient Egyptian structures made of ordinary stone and mud brick with clay mortar, which is consistent with the level of technology of ancient Egypt. Moreover, the technology of the construction of the pyramids of Egypt has not undergone significant changes since the construction of the ancient pyramids of Egypt – step pyramid at Saqqara the founder of the 3rd dynasty Djoser and the pyramids of the pharaohs 12 – dynasty.
Pyramid of Djoser near Coorperated
Ancient Egypt: clay masonry
The pyramid of Pharaoh 12th dynasty a thousand years after the construction of the first Egyptian pyramids built in the same technology earthen masonry made of small stone and mud brick.
The pyramid of Pharaoh 12th dynasty Pyramid of Pharaoh 12th dynasty near
These structures stand out sharply 7 pyramid: 3 pyramids on the plateau at Giza, 2 in Dushore and in Meduma pyramid in Abu Roash
The pyramids on the Giza plateau
Technology of construction of these pyramids and the temple of Khafra at Giza and at Abydos Osirian significantly different from the other structures. According to historians, the Ancient Egyptians possessed the technology on the verge of modern possibilities.
Structures with a height of 50-storey building made of cut stone blocks (granite, basalt, limestone) that are perfectly fit without any solution. The weight of such blocks often reaches 100 – 200 tons.
Pyramid on the plateau of Ginastera pyramids in Egypt inside
The walls of the pyramid in Madame was leveled after the construction of the pyramid: cutting the whole inclined surface of the pyramid. Such processing is impossible artisanal tools without special technologies. Perhaps it could be implemented with the use of laser technology. But how could perform this work for the ancient Egyptians?
Pyramid in Medumi. Agitateded in Medumi. Egypt, 2
Perfectly processed stones inside the pyramids.
Ancient Egypt, Giza, inside the pyramid inside the pyramid. Giza, Ancient Egypt
The filmmakers naturally wonder why such a contrast with the other structures of Ancient Egypt if they were already available construction technologies far exceeding modern?
Moreover, many extant ancient Egyptian pyramids built on top of high-tech structures or their ruins: at the base of a powerful design from processed and laid without mortar blocks, and then the coarse clay masonry from ordinary stones and unbaked brick.
Ancient Egypt: stone walls without mortar at the base of pirmide and clay on top of Ancient Egypt: stone walls without mortar at the base of pirmide and clay on top, 2
Near the Sphinx in Giza is the granite temple. At his age indicates the presence of a stone drain. Apparently, it was built in the period when on the territory of Ancient Egypt is still raining heavily, and it means at least 8 thousand years ago.
Ancient Egypt: stone drain
Traces showers are also present on the Sphinx.
In Abydos is the magnificent construction of Osirion out of huge blocks which inscriptions speak of its repair during the reign of the pharaohs, so historians do not even dare to date.
Ancient Egypt: Osirion
According to ancient legends it is here that the grave of the God Osiris and the writings preserved under the building must be at least 11 thousand years.
Remind us about the great Gods of Ancient Egypt and huge statues made of quartzite and granite. The weight of the statues from a few hundred to thousands of tons. Even today there is no technology that would allow to transport and install the massive stones.
There is also the sarcophagus: a perfectly flat and smooth from durable quartzite or granite, with perfect curves and without any inscriptions to space technologies for their implementation. Sarcophagus weight about 100 tons. You can find them all over Egypt, both in museums and on the streets, in the desert.
Ancient Egypt: a sarcophagus
Even more than the sarcophagus in Egypt granite blocks with highly accurate processing, with complex and accurate cutouts and notches, perfectly executed cylindrical circumference. Everywhere the traces of machining, circular saws, tubular drills. Traces of precise machining and floors are made of basalt slabs of different thickness, aligned after installation.
Ancient Egypt: a floor made of basalt slabs
It should be noted that the strength of the instruments used had to be much higher than today for such mass production.
stones of Egypt
the stones of Ancient Egypt stones of Ancient Egypt, 2
Deserves the attention of the grey granite quarry at Aswan: the ideal … ideal pits and tracks after the selected breed. The region chosen breed is at a height of several floors. After sampling rocks on the rock were traces of the work of a giant harvester that is able to select blocks in tens of thousands of tons with perfect accuracy curves in the sample. Such technologies are currently not available.
Ancient Egypt: quarry in Aswan
The question arises, who were members of this advanced civilization – the civilization of the ancient Egyptians Gods – aliens, aliens or representatives of Ancient Atlantis, or others? Maybe our ancestors who have already destroyed their own world by using “high” technology?
In the extant Egyptian inscriptions and wall paintings lot of talk about the mighty Gods and their war. But extant monuments of history and construction techniques are similar in their strength and reliability in military bunkers that can withstand nuclear attack. The authorship of those who built the pyramids of Egypt remains a mystery, the rest of the hypothesis.