The megalithic complex of Pinako
The megalithic complex of Pinako 1 — located 0.7 km to the North of S. Anastasievskaya the second floodplain terrace of the right Bank of the river Pshenaho (distorted from Pinako — “Valley of springs”).
Opened in 1972 and was studied in 1983-1985 Tuapse archaeologist M. K. Deshevym. Is a complex construction including a dolmen, standing on an artificial Foundation and three times covered with a stone vault (Tholos), a layer of clay and shell of river cobble. From the dolmen outside the mound led stone corridor (dromos). The mound reached 70 m in diameter and 6 m in height. From its top you can watch the sunrise between the peaks of Two brothers during the summer solstice. Not far from the monument are the mysterious stone ring 6 m in diameter and lognormally dolmen. The building dates back to the III Millennium BC In Caucasus has no analogy. Prepared for museums.
In Twesiimes local history Museum with a small but interesting archaeological exhibition. On the territory of Tuapse district lot dolmen groups and medieval burial mounds, the list may be considerably extended.
á description Samoilenko A. And
In 1983, archaeologist and Museum worker Madine the Kamboletovich TESEV found in 25 km from Tuapse in the vicinity of the village Anastasievka the most mysterious in Russia megalithic complex — the mound Pinako I.
Under the mound, scientists have discovered a dolmen, but unusual in Pinako I was not the dolmen, and a number of buildings associated with it. First, in the place where later was built the dolmen, in the III Millennium BC nautilos sanctuary. It was surrounded by special stone rings. Typically, these rings “cromlechs” the population of that time was surrounded by sepulchral structures. However, in Pinako traces of burial were found. The burial pits were, but they were stoned. Why, it is clear to nobody.
Later, near the sanctuary may already be other Padme was built the dolmen. It is made from large panels of tohopekaliga. The dolmen was covered with two plates, front and towered over the back. The hole leading into the building had an arched shape. It was pushed stone sleeve.
But the amazing thing is that the dolmen was surrounded by a circular building with walls reaching a thickness of 1.8 meters and height 3 meters. Probably, the ancient architects wanted to build a domed structure. It turned out that the dolmen is placed in a structure resembling a sphere. It is possible that this damenstiefel wanted to link garbage with the celestial sphere. In this mound Pinako very similar to the famous English megalithic complex of Stonehenge.
But a mysterious sphere that is not all. Beneath the entire mound from the entrance to the dolmen was built quite wide and high corridor LAZ. And it precisely enough is oriented from North-East to South-West. On this LAZ people made their way to the dolmen, opened the sleeve and, apparently, made some kind of ritual or astronomical. The coals found at the entrance, managed to establish the time the fire was lit for the last time. It was 2340 BC
Barrows, down to the details reminiscent of Pinako on Earth no more. Just know podsolenny four megalithic structures. One is in new York Graing in Ireland, the other in Enjoy in Denmark, the third in Alkalere in Portugal and the fourth is Los Millares in Spain. They all share a corridor door that leads into the vaulted burial chamber, but none of them have the dolmen.
Scientists believe that a complex Psinka-1 is not only a funerary monument, simply put the grave, but rather a kind of cult burial structure. Under the mound could be buried the man later deified. He was worshipped, made sacrifices, and maybe everyone coming here had to leave my stone. So the mound could grow enormous size.
Interestingly, locals say that on top of the mound there was a Playground, enclosed by a circle of right in a special way laid stones. Pulling back from her rays to the very bottom of the sole of the mound, which was outlined in large boulders.
For what purposes was built this complex, the same age as the pyramids? Maybe just a tomb, maybe a temple on the grave of a chief or priest, maybe an ancient Observatory. In any case, this is a unique megalithic complex deserves special attention.