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The dome of the Cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence

The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore rises in the heart of the ancient city. Carved marble Cathedral is crowned by a huge dome rusty-red color. In Italy for its size of the Florentine Cathedral second only to St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome.
The dome of the Cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore – most of the major early works of Brunelleschi in Florence.

The dome of Florence Cathedral – one of the grandest architectural achievements of the Renaissance – was built by an architect who has not received special education, the architect was an Amateur, a jeweler by profession. For XV century, in any case, for the first half of it, it was normal. Special architectural education did not exist, as until the middle of the Quattrocento did not exist and the term architect. The authors of the architectural project became sculptors, painters and jewelers, as Brunelleschi.

In medieval Europe, I do not know how to build large domes, so the Italians of that time looked down on the Roman Pantheon with admiration and envy. And here’s how to evaluate Vasari Brunelleschi built the dome of Florence Cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore: “we Can definitely assert that the ancients did not reach, in a building of such height and did not dare such a risk, which would have forced them to compete with the sky, how it seems to be really competes Florentine dome, for he is so high that the mountains surrounding Florence, seem to be equal. And really, you’d think the sky is jealous of him, for constantly all day and often hit him with lightning.”

Proud power of the Renaissance! Florentine dome was not a repetition of any of the Pantheon’s dome or the dome of St. Sophia of Constantinople, pleasing us tall, not even the Majesty of appearance, but primarily because of the spaciousness they create in the temple interior.

Brunelleschi’s dome crashes into the sky all its slender bulk, marking for contemporaries for the grace of the sky to the city, and the triumph of the human will, the triumph of the city, the proud Florentine Republic. Not “going down to the Cathedral from heaven”, but organically growing out of it, it was erected as a sign of victory and power, to (and indeed, it seems to us) to carry away under their canopy cities and Nations.

Yes, it was something new, unprecedented and marks the triumph of the new art. Without this dome, built above the medieval Cathedral at the dawn of the Renaissance would have been unthinkable those domes that after michelangelesque (above the Cathedral. Peter’s Basilica in Rome), crowned in later centuries, the cathedrals almost the whole of Europe.
Florentine building Commission

And here is how has been evaluated by the same Vasari Brunelleschi built the dome of Florence Cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore: “we Can definitely assert that the ancients did not reach, in a building of such height and did not dare such a risk, which would have forced them to compete with the sky, how it seems to be really competes Florentine dome, for he is so high that the mountains surrounding Florence, seem to be equal. And really, you’d think the sky is jealous of him, for constantly all day and often hit him with lightning.”

The first enthusiastic description of the dome of the Cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore was written by Leon Battista Alberti, a major art theorist of the fifteenth century, which, in early, written in the life of Filippo and dedicated to him his treatise “On painting”, praises him for “without mentors and without any samples creates art and science of unheard and unseen”. The dome of Alberti describes as a “magnificent structure, postimages to the heavens, this vast that overshadows all the peoples of Tuscany”. He determined the laws of the beautiful: “the Coordination of all parts into a harmonious whole so that none could be withdrawn or changed without compromising the whole”. And, praising one of the creatures Brunelleschi, he emphasized that “none of the lines doesn’t live in it myself”.

The new art was based on logic, on the revelations of the human mind, confirmed by mathematical calculations. And mind demanded clarity, harmony, proportionality. It was something new, unprecedented and marks the triumph of the new art. Without this dome, built above the medieval Cathedral at the dawn of the Renaissance would have been unthinkable the dome that, after michelangelesque (over a Roman Cathedral of St. Peter), capped in later centuries, the cathedrals almost the whole of Europe. As a great enthusiasm by Vasari, Alberti, or from the admiration of the Byzantines before the dome of St. Sophia, whom it seemed, “he rests not on the stone, and lowered a gold chain from the height of heaven.”

The contemporaries and immediate descendants had seen in Filippo Brunelleschi first engineer, inventor; the main business of his life was considered a brilliant conclusion more than a century’s epic the construction of the Cathedral.