The fortress of Arg-e BAM
The fortress of Arg-e BAM is the largest and oldest specimen of Persian mud-brick fortress of Adobe. This is the world’s largest mud-brick building is located on the Great silk road in the Iranian city of BAM (Kerman province).
The monument consists of architectural stratifications of different ages, including the restoration of the influence of the postwar period, its area is slightly less than seven square kilometers. The oldest strata of the citadel Baskoy is “Maiden castle”, the construction of which was begun in the VII century, probably even the Sassanids. Inside the fortress — several mausoleums of XII century and 38 watchtowers, as well as the residence of the Governor of the Safavids and the great mosque of the XVIII century. Before the city makes a profit pilgrims-Zoroastrians who came here in a Zoroastrian temple. After the Islamic conquest of Zoroastrian temple was transformed into a mosque. Unique old building for production and storage of ice, also located in the city.
The walls of Arg-e BAM was rebuilt several times, they are surrounded by a moat of width of 10-15 meters. The fortress has always been famous for amazing acoustics, and scientists even believe that the ancient inhabitants used it as a mouthpiece. The Golden age of BAM ended in the XII century during the invasions of Turkic nomads, and later the Mongols. The beginning of the revival of the citadel Baskoy put Tamerlane. The key to its prosperity served as an underground irrigation canals, the oldest of which were built before our era.
The fortress of Arg-e BAM has experienced numerous attacks of aggressors, but, despite everything, life it lasted. The turning point was the eighteenth century. Then, as a result of internal strife, residents of the southern city of Iran, Shiraz, wishing to subdue BAM, almost completely destroyed the local population. The town was devastated, and stood as such until 30-XX of the last century. Within its walls all the same people lived, but they were prisoners forcibly under the protection contained in Banska barracks. Near the once majestic fortification that, in essence, can be called an ancient city-fortress, rose a new city, however, according to contemporaries, its inhabitants complained a fortress with their attention and increasingly avoided it.
In the late 60’s of the twentieth years of XX century were launched archaeological work, which today we can with certainty speak about the history of the fortress. In 2003, the year in BAM there was the strongest earthquake that claimed the lives of more than 25 thousand people in the city and seriously damaged 80 % of the facilities. Concerned about the state of the citadel, UNESCO hastily brought BAM and its cultural landscape the world heritage monuments.
Now near the fortress lives of the Iranian nation, the Baloch, which can readily lead the tourists in the castle and show all its interesting sights. One of the attractions in the fortress is the play of sunlight on its walls. Early in the morning BAM the walls have a yellow tint, at noon they are almost white, and by the evening the walls painted in blood-orange color.