The temple-monument Alexander Nevsky Cathedral the Patriarchal Cathedral of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, which is located in the capital of Bulgaria Sofia, at the square of Alexander Nevsky, and is one of the urban landmarks of the capital of Bulgaria.
Was erected a Church in honour of the Russian Emperor Alexander II, known as the Tsar Liberator (serfs), the army in 1878, which liberated Bulgaria from almost five centuries of Turkish slavery. St. Alexander Nevsky, the name given to the Cathedral, was a Russian Prince, a great soldier and a diplomat. He is the patron Saint of Russian Emperor Alexander II and a symbol of military glory of Russia. The original intention was to build a temple in the ancient capital Veliko Tarnovo, but the Bulgarian Prince Battenberg insisted to build it in Sofia. 19.02.1882 G. was laid the basic stone. However construction was begun in 1904 and completed in 1912, when Bulgaria entered a period of wars. The consecration of the temple took place in 1924, the author of the project — Russian architect Alexander Pomerantsev. The height of the main dome of the Cathedral — 45 metres, the bell tower is 53 m, the area of the Cathedral is 3170 sq. m. The bell is 12 bells with total weight of 23 tons. The chime heard in a radius of 15 km. Continue reading
Today Hampi is a Ghost town inhabited by mostly apes. On the past power of its ancient inhabitants left only ruins of the once magnificent capital of a trading Empire Vijayanagar, which flourished in the mid 14th century. Meanwhile, Hampi continues to be a center of Hindu religion, in particular, due to the current and still Virupaksha temple.
The official history States that the capital of Vijayanagara was founded because of the good location of the area: on one side the city is washed by the river, with three others – was surrounded by inaccessible hills. In the early 14th century the Empire has been waging a fierce war with the followers of Islam, and the construction of large and well-fortified city was a response to the expansion of the Muslims.
Meanwhile, recently in the scientific circles there is information that, most likely, the village of Hampi, capital of Vijayanagara, is much older than was commonly believed. The fact that the ruins of the capital of the Empire, rising on the foundations of more ancient structures. Many scholars argue that the mysterious and unknown to modern science destroyed the town – the remains of Kishkinda, a mythical state of monkeys. Continue reading
Complex Apadana was located in the ancient Persian city of Persepolis, in modern Iran. The term “upadana” is also used to denote the same structure constructions in Persian architecture. Apadana Persepolis was mostly built in the V century BC by Darius I and completed construction of king Xerxes I. the Image of both rulers remained at the East door of the complex.
The Palace complex of Persepolis was located on a high terrace carved into the rock, in the shape of an irregular rectangle, and was enclosed by a strong wall. Platform partly consisted of natural rock, part built from the side of the valley. Masonry of blocks of grey limestone, the usual building material for buildings of Persepolis, are connected by iron cramps, without mortar, and reaches a height of 8-18 m. the walls of unbaked brick from the outside were niches, three doorways were lined with massive stone blocks. The highest is the South doorway led to a large inner square. Continue reading