The legendary city of legends: KRAKOW
The first Polish city I visited was Warsaw, and Krakow became the second. Krakow and Warsaw – how much they have in common. Two capitals – one former, the other…

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Ancient architecture
On the territory of Dehistan remained a number of medieval castles, layout of which is a rectangle with rounded towers at the corners (settlement Grade-Kala, yilanli, R. Kala, etc.). By…

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construction

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Córdoba (Córdoba). Mezquita or Cathedral

If in Toledo I spent a little time to see anything, besides the Cathedral, in córdoba, whose historic center is considered world heritage list, I didn’t even try anywhere else than in the pearl of the city to go. All the time was devoted to Sevilla, where I was headed next.

However, because of problems with Parking on the North side I had to Park on the South, and to go from the car to the mosque on the Roman bridge. In my plans it was not included – but an interesting angle that could only not be missed. In the foreground in the shot is the gate of the bridge, on the left column of the Archangel Raphael.

Here, incidentally, quite clearly (as it seems deceptive), visible Christian add-ons.

Muslim volume rises only on 3 floors (which is easy to count on arches). Everything else added is a Christian. Remember these elliptical box – we will see more of them.

(actually, the nearest octagonal dome is also a Muslim building, and inside it will be clearly seen) Continue reading

The Gothic style in medieval art and culture

In the second half of the twelfth century in Western Europe began to appear the architecture of the new, unusual style, radically different from the Romanesque. This style, called Gothic, was rooted in cultural values developed cities, and most are firmly rooted in it is in architecture.

At this time, the townspeople, who won the long struggle with the feudal lords, were carriers of economic and social progress. Into the arena came a new burgher’s worldview, in which man was regarded as the Creator of wealth and a Creator, and one of its main features was the pride of the city and the desire to bring him glory. The main cultural value in this period was the Cathedral, almost get rid of its defensive functions.

Stylistic changes in architecture were not only caused by the change of functions of buildings, but also significant progress in the development of construction techniques based on the precise design and exact calculation. Gothic cathedrals were to have specific design and style features, the main of which was the refinement of the columns, the complication types of the Basilica, the construction of arches, lightweight construction, large arched stained-glass Windows, as well as the close relationship of the exterior and interior. Continue reading

Tower of Torre de Belem

Tower of Torre de Belem, Belem tower, also known as the “tower of Bethlehem” – a fortified structure on the island of the Tagus river in the Lisbon area.

Built in 1515-1521 years of Francisco di Arudou in honor of Vasco da Gama sea route to India and served alternately a small defensive fortress, the gunpowder warehouse, prison and customs. The tower was supposed to be the starting point for all those Portuguese ships that went to sea expedition.

The four-storey building height of 35 meters is the example of the Manueline architectural style, typical of the Portuguese Renaissance, but almost lost today. The tower was a powerful fortification, which, if necessary, could protect the Jeronimos monastery, forming a tower of a single architectural complex. For the Manueline characterized by the abundance of various forms of pinnacles, graceful balconies, images of ropes, shells and chains. Continue reading

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