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The Gothic style in medieval art and culture

In the second half of the twelfth century in Western Europe began to appear the architecture of the new, unusual style, radically different from the Romanesque. This style, called Gothic, was rooted in cultural values developed cities, and most are firmly rooted in it is in architecture.

At this time, the townspeople, who won the long struggle with the feudal lords, were carriers of economic and social progress. Into the arena came a new burgher’s worldview, in which man was regarded as the Creator of wealth and a Creator, and one of its main features was the pride of the city and the desire to bring him glory. The main cultural value in this period was the Cathedral, almost get rid of its defensive functions.

Stylistic changes in architecture were not only caused by the change of functions of buildings, but also significant progress in the development of construction techniques based on the precise design and exact calculation. Gothic cathedrals were to have specific design and style features, the main of which was the refinement of the columns, the complication types of the Basilica, the construction of arches, lightweight construction, large arched stained-glass Windows, as well as the close relationship of the exterior and interior. Continue reading

Underwater pyramid lake Rock

Underwater archaeology around 100 years. And during that time, researchers have made many surprising discoveries. So, in different parts of the globe at the bottom of water bodies repeatedly found mysterious structures similar to ancient Egyptian pyramids…

The existence of the pyramids on the bottom of the American Rock lake there is no doubt. But who was able to build 10 thousand years ago, when the lake bottom was still land? What a mysterious civilization existed in those days, when, according to scientists, only small primitive tribes were fighting for their survival in the vast North American continent.

One summer day at the lake Rock gathered a large crowd of residents of the American city of lake mills. Brought them here a curiosity: it can be true that will finally solved the mystery that is spoken by more than one decade. People looked at the colored pontoons, from which the water was out of divers. Passed some time, and they are out of stock of the air, came back to the surface. The longest was a young biologist W. Kennedy. But then came and he, holding some kind of stone. After removing the mask, he cried: “got it!”. What divers were looking for? About Rock lake, just 40 miles East of Madison (Wisconsin), has long been legendary. The first time it was talked about in the beginning of negotiate after the story of the hunters hunted ducks on lake. Continue reading

The Architecture Of Ancient Egypt

All the most wonderful ancient Egyptian monuments are concentrated on a fairly narrow band in the 15 – 20 km wide, in the fertile valley of the Nile. Those structures that have survived to our days, are directly related to various funerary cults that prevailed in this ancient state.
The main features of ancient Egyptian architecture
The main features of the architecture of Ancient Egypt include the following:
1. The monumentality. The dimensions of the pyramids of this country is simply astonishing. Monumentality is evident in the geometry of structures, simple and majestic, and in the laconism, and the complete absence of decor. Even relatively small monuments look very impressive due to the special technique – scaling. Inside the building there are any parts that mimic its structure. Thus, a small element that copies the structure as a whole, emphasizes its grandeur. Continue reading